The attitudes towards dating violence scales development and initial validation


06-Apr-2020 11:25

the attitudes towards dating violence scales development and initial validation-13

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Given that attitudes towards IPV is an independent, individual-level predictor of IPV, this study extends upon previous findings by examining two higher level predictors—perceived couple conflict resolution and exposure to neighborhood violence—as moderators of the association between African American men’s attitudes towards IPV and their perpetration of IPV.We hypothesize that higher perceptions of ineffective couple conflict resolution and greater exposure to neighborhood violence will interact with attitudes supporting IPV to elevate the risk of perpetrating IPV in the past 3 months.Negatively worded items were reverse-scored, all items were summed, and higher scores represented greater acceptance of violent behavior towards female partners.=.75) measured men’s perception of how they and their partner resolve conflict as a couple.Example items include, “By the end of an argument, you and your partner have really listened to each other,” “You and your partner’s arguments are left hanging and unsettled,” and “You and your partner go for days being mad at each other.” Response options ranged from (1) strongly agree to (5) strongly disagree.The frustration of being unable to effectively resolve a conflict or assertively communicate within a relationship can lead to anger, which, in turn, may also lead to violence, and having attitudes that support males’ use of violence toward a female partner may increase this risk of violence.Numerous studies have also observed a significant association between IPV and community-level factors, including exposure to neighborhood violence and poverty.While IPV prevention should include individual-level interventions that focus on skills building, these findings also highlight the importance of couple-, community-, and structural-level interventions.In the United States, the estimated total cost for medical and mental health services related to IPV each year is approximately .1 billion and nearly

Given that attitudes towards IPV is an independent, individual-level predictor of IPV, this study extends upon previous findings by examining two higher level predictors—perceived couple conflict resolution and exposure to neighborhood violence—as moderators of the association between African American men’s attitudes towards IPV and their perpetration of IPV.We hypothesize that higher perceptions of ineffective couple conflict resolution and greater exposure to neighborhood violence will interact with attitudes supporting IPV to elevate the risk of perpetrating IPV in the past 3 months.Negatively worded items were reverse-scored, all items were summed, and higher scores represented greater acceptance of violent behavior towards female partners.=.75) measured men’s perception of how they and their partner resolve conflict as a couple.Example items include, “By the end of an argument, you and your partner have really listened to each other,” “You and your partner’s arguments are left hanging and unsettled,” and “You and your partner go for days being mad at each other.” Response options ranged from (1) strongly agree to (5) strongly disagree.The frustration of being unable to effectively resolve a conflict or assertively communicate within a relationship can lead to anger, which, in turn, may also lead to violence, and having attitudes that support males’ use of violence toward a female partner may increase this risk of violence.Numerous studies have also observed a significant association between IPV and community-level factors, including exposure to neighborhood violence and poverty.While IPV prevention should include individual-level interventions that focus on skills building, these findings also highlight the importance of couple-, community-, and structural-level interventions.In the United States, the estimated total cost for medical and mental health services related to IPV each year is approximately $4.1 billion and nearly $1.8 billion for loss of productivity (e.g., lost time from work).

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Given that attitudes towards IPV is an independent, individual-level predictor of IPV, this study extends upon previous findings by examining two higher level predictors—perceived couple conflict resolution and exposure to neighborhood violence—as moderators of the association between African American men’s attitudes towards IPV and their perpetration of IPV.

We hypothesize that higher perceptions of ineffective couple conflict resolution and greater exposure to neighborhood violence will interact with attitudes supporting IPV to elevate the risk of perpetrating IPV in the past 3 months.

Negatively worded items were reverse-scored, all items were summed, and higher scores represented greater acceptance of violent behavior towards female partners.=.75) measured men’s perception of how they and their partner resolve conflict as a couple.

Example items include, “By the end of an argument, you and your partner have really listened to each other,” “You and your partner’s arguments are left hanging and unsettled,” and “You and your partner go for days being mad at each other.” Response options ranged from (1) strongly agree to (5) strongly disagree.

The frustration of being unable to effectively resolve a conflict or assertively communicate within a relationship can lead to anger, which, in turn, may also lead to violence, and having attitudes that support males’ use of violence toward a female partner may increase this risk of violence.

Numerous studies have also observed a significant association between IPV and community-level factors, including exposure to neighborhood violence and poverty.

.8 billion for loss of productivity (e.g., lost time from work).

the attitudes towards dating violence scales development and initial validation-63

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Participants were asked to report their age in years, highest level of education obtained, and whether they or someone living in their household received public assistance (i.e., welfare, TANF, SSI, food stamps, WIC, or section 8 housing subsidies).Previous research has indicated that African American women are at higher risk for experiencing IPV.More recent research suggests that once socioeconomic status and other known risk factors are considered, the relative risk of socioeconomic status (SES) on IPV varies by ethnicity, wherein compared to white or Hispanic couples, African American couples residing in impoverished neighborhoods were more likely to report IPV regardless of other factors like male or female perpetration of partner violence.Considering that the relative association of SES on IPV is especially influential among Black couples, it is pertinent to examine other factors that may be associated with an increased risk for IPV among African American women and their male partners.

Several studies have established a relationship between an individual’s level of skill in conflict resolution or problem solving and violence perpetration, However, another important factor to consider beyond the individual is a couple’s pattern of conflict resolution or the extent to which the relationship involves a pattern of ineffective communication.Hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses, with age, education, and public assistance as covariates, were conducted on 65 men who reported being in a main relationship.