Instruments used in radiocarbon dating deepika padukone dating siddharth
Its size and cost could decrease even more once the instrument is converted from its current tabletop version to a more portable commercial prototype.
"With a portable instrument, direct measurements could be conducted on-site, with results returned in a very short time," Galli said.
Credit: Saverio Bartalini, CNR Researchers from Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), within Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy have demonstrated a new compact spectroscopic instrument that offers a highly sensitive optical method for detecting radiocarbon dioxide concentration, which can be used to carbon date fossils and archaeological artifacts.
The instrument, which uses a new approach called saturated-absorption cavity ring-down (SCAR), is described in The Optical Society's journal for high impact research, Optica.
The highly reflective mirrors create an effective path longer than 5 kilometers for interactions between the light and the gas sample.
"In principle, we can use our apparatus to detect many other molecules such as methane, nitrous oxide and other greenhouse gases or chemicals of interest for national security or forensics." How it works The SCAR device detects radiocarbon levels by measuring how laser light interacts with the carbon dioxide that is produced when a given sample is burned.
For analysis, the carbon dioxide from a burnt sample is placed into the instrument's vacuum measurement chamber.
Accelerator mass spectrometry measures the amount of carbon-14, or radiocarbon, present in a sample, which can be used to calculate its age.
Around the world, only about 100 facilities house this equipment.SCAR offers significant time and cost savings compared to the standard approach for carbon dating and could be useful for a host of other applications such as measuring emissions from fossil fuels or certifying the amount of biogenic content in biofuels.